Cervical Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India, Best Cancer Hospitals in India for Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a very common virus that’s often spread during sex. Cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms at first. At later stages, one may have pelvic pain or bleeding from the vagina. Most women’s bodies are able to fight HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer.
The cells lining the surface of the cervix undergo a series of changes. In rare cases, these precancerous cells can become cancerous. However, cell changes in the cervix can be detected at a very early stage and treatment can reduce the risk of cervical cancer developing. It usually takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells.
Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. Vaccines can protect against several types of HPV, including some that can cause cancer.
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Cervical Cancer Treatment at Most Advanced Cancer Centers in India
- Laser surgery: :A laser beam is used to burn off cells or to remove a small piece of tissue for study. A focused beam, directed through the vagina, is used to burn off abnormal cells. This can procedure is done under local anesthesia.
- Conization : It is used to remove all of the abnormal tissues. A cone-shaped piece of tissue is removed from the cervix. This is done using a surgical or laser knife or using a thin wire heated by electricity (the loop electrosurgical or LEEP). After the procedure, the tissue removed is examined under the microscope.
- Hysterectomy: In a hysterectomy, the uterus and cervix are removed. Hysterectomy can be either a simple hysterectomy or a radical hysterectomy.
• In simple hysterectomy, only the cervix and uterus are removed.
• In Radical Hysterectomy the surgeon removes the tissues next to the uterus and the upper part of the vagina next to the cervix are removed.
- Lymphadenectomy : In a lymphadenectomy surgery the gyneconcologist removes the lymph nodes that drain the cervix.
- Chemotherapy : Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Chemotherapy is delivered through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. Cervical cancer is often treated along with radiation therapy. The goal of chemotherapy when given with radiation therapy is to increase the effectiveness of the radiation treatment.
- Radiation therapy : Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be given alone, before surgery, or instead of surgery to shrink the tumor. Many women may be treated with a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The most common radiation treatment is called external-beam radiation therapy, which is radiation given from a machine outside the body.
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Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer Treatment
- Physical exam: An exam of the body to check signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health and past illnesses and treatments are also considered.
- Pelvic exam: It includes exam of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and rectum. Pelvic exam helps the doctor to feel the size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries for signs of disease. A Pap test of the cervix is usually done. The doctor or nurse also inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for lumps or abnormal areas.
- Pap test: In this procedure cells from the surface of the cervix and vagina are collected. The cells are examined under a microscope to find out if they are abnormal. This procedure is also called a Pap smear.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) test : In HPV test cells are collected from the cervix and DNA or RNA from the cells is checked to find out if an infection is caused by a type of HPV that is linked to cervical cancer.
- Colposcopy : A procedure in which a colposcope (a , magnifying instrument) is used to check the vagina and cervix for abnormal areas. Tissue samples may be taken and examined under a microscope for signs of disease.
- Biopsy: Biopsy is done when abnormal cells are found in a Pap test. A sample of tissue is cut from the cervix and viewed under a microscopeto check for signs of cancer.
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