Endovascular Neurosurgery or Interventional Neuroradiology is a medical speciality in which minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for cerebrovascular disorders are performed under radiological guidance. It is somewhat similar to the treatment carried out in the heart by cardiologists, such as angioplasty or stent placement. In these procedures, very thin catheters or wires are placed through blood vessels in groin and navigated in the blood vessels to the site of the abnormal vessels.
Cerebral or Spinal Angiography : Brain Stroke Surgery Hospital India DSA (Digital Subtraction Angiography) is considered as the ‘gold standard’ investigation to diagnose diseases of blood vessels and is performed when a vascular disease is suspected.
Intracranial Aneurysms : Introcranial Aneurysm is a weakness and ballooning of a blood vessel within the head which if left untreated, may get burst and causes its complications. Treatment is the passage of thread like platinum coils through blood vessels to the site of the aneurysm thus avoiding open surgery.
Angioplasty or Stent Placement : Best Endovascular Neurosurgeon This procedure is done to treat stenosis in arteries of brain (including carotid, vertebral, intracranial arteries). Many cases of stroke occur due to stenosis in arteries leading to brain. They can be treated non-invasively by endovascular route with an angioplasty or stenting procedure. Many of these procedures are performed under local anesthesia with reduced morbidity.
Stroke or Brain attack, including Intra-Arterial Thrombolysis : Acute stroke or brain attack usually occurs due to blockage of arteries of the brain. Appropriate patients can be treated by placing a micro-catheter at the site of blockage followed by administration of thrombolytic drugs, which dissolve the blocking material. Mechanical clot removal can be done in patients even who come many after the stroke.
Arteriovenous Malformation : Best Endovascular Neurosurgeon An autriovenous malformation is a complex mass of abnormal arteries and veins located in the brain or spinal cord. During open surgery, it is often difficult to control bleeding from an arteriovenous malformation Endovascular treatment can be used to block blood flow to certain portions of the malformation that cannot be reached surgically. In such cases, patients may no longer need conventional surgery.
Tumour Embolisation : One of the major problems in surgical removal of intracranial tumour is bleeding during the surgery. Interventional Neuroradiologist can help the surgeon by preoperative endovascular occlusion of the blood vessels supplying the tumour. This will reduce the bleeding and facilitate the surgery.
Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty : Best Endovascular Neurosurgeon With age, bones become weak and collapse of bones (vertebrae) in the spine is one of the major causes of severe back pain in the elderly. Vertebroplasty is a revolutionary treatment in which “bone cement” is injected through a needle placed into the broken bone so as to stabilize the vertebra and to reduce the pain.
Percutaneous Sclerotherapy : Best Endovascular NeurosurgeonMany superficial vascular malformations such as Haemangioma (malformation of the blood vessels) or Lymphangiomas (malformation of lymphs) can be treated by puncturing through a needle, followed by injection of ‘Sclerosant Material’ which causes obliteration of the malformation.
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