Cancers that are known collectively as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck. These squamous cell cancers are often referred to as squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Head and neck cancer includes cancers of the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, and lymph nodes in the neck. Most begin in the moist tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat.
• Hypopharyngeal Cancer
The Hypopharynx is the bottom part of the pharynx (throat).The pharynx is a hollow tube about five inches long that starts behind the nose and goes down to the neck to become part of the esophagus (the tube that goes to the stomach). Air and food pass through the pharynx on the way to the windpipe (trachea) or the esophagus.
Cancer of the Hypopharynx is a disease in which cancerous (malignant) cells are found in the tissues of the hypopharynx. Cancer of the hypopharynx most commonly starts in the cells that line the hypopharynx, called squamous cells, and is called squamous cell cancer. If cancer starts in the lymph cells of the hypopharynx, it is considered non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
• Laryngeal Cancer
There are three main parts of the larynx: the glottis (the middle part of the larynx where the vocal cords are located); the supraglottis (the tissue above the glottis); and the subglottis (the tissue below the glottis). The subglottis connects to the trachea, which takes air to the lungs.
Cancer of the larynx is a disease in which cancerous (malignant) cells are found in the tissues of the larynx. It is most commonly found in people who smoke. If a person who smokes develops cancer of the larynx, they should stop smoking.
• Salivary Gland Cancer
The symptoms that may indicate such cancers are painless and/or increasing swelling under the chin or around the jawbone, numbness in the face, inability to move muscles in the face and pain in the face, chin, or neck.
• Thyroid Cancer
Cancer of the thyroid is a disease in which cancerous (malignant) cells develop in the tissues of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland makes important hormones that help the body function normally.
Surgery : During surgery, the goal is to remove the cancerous tissue and some of the healthy tissue around it . A surgical oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancer using surgery. Types of surgery for head and neck cancer include:
Chemotherapy : It is done to reduce the most possible the size of the tumor, in order to limit the number of surgeries. Sometimes only the radiotherapy will be necessary after the chemo.
Radiotherapy : It is often a complement to the surgery, but sometimes it can be the only treatment, particularly in larynx cancers when the tumor size has correctly decreased after the chemotherapy. In mouth cancers, it’s sometimes possible to use curietherapy.
Minimally invasive surgical techniques are used when possible to remove tumors that are located near structures involved in sensory and physical functioning. In many cases, patients can recover more quickly when treated with minimally invasive surgery compared with traditional, open surgery.
“To discover that I suffered from Head and Neck cancers was quite a shock for me. I then went to the Internet and found IndiaCarez website amongst several several others. I sent e-mails off with my specific problem outlined to three sites.
Almost instantly I received a response from IndiaCarez asking for my medical reports, which I mailed to them. Just the next day I got another email with so much of valuable information about the treatment options I had and the profiles of the doctors and number of surgeries performed by them. I followed their advice for a Robotic Surgery that would also take care of my other concerns about cancer spill and impotency.
IndiaCarez helped me immensely to apply for India visa and make arrangements to fly to India and have the procedure done.”
Now just 2 weeks later, I am glad that I made a quick decision and I am feeling much better and walking unassisted and ready to return home. I attribute this to the world class technology here in India and the skill of the surgeon and staff who have worked so hard to get me back on the feet. The staff at the hospital are all smiles and very helpful. I enjoyed all my meals during my stay. I would recommend anyone who needs a Head and Neck cancers Surgery to go for the Robotic option, its a bit expensive but the pay offs are superb – less pain, quick recovery and no fear of complications. Thanks you all and God bless you!
Warm Regards –
Samson Abeje, Kenya Head and Neck Cancer Surgery.
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