Since lung cancer tends to spread or metastasize very early in its course, it is a very life-threatening cancer and one of the most difficult cancers to treat. While lung cancer can spread to any organ in the body, certain organs — particularly the adrenal glands, liver, brain, and bone — are the most common sites for lung-cancer metastasis.
The lung is also a very common site for metastasis from tumors in other parts of the body. Tumor metastases are made up of the same type of cells as the original, or primary, tumor. For example, if prostate cancer spreads via the bloodstream to the lungs,it is metastatic prostate cancer in the lung and is not lung cancer.
Treatment of Lung cancer is depends on the type and stage of cancer. Lung cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these treatments. The decision about which treatments will be appropriate for a given individual must take into account the location and extent of the tumor as well as the overall health status of the patient.
Surgery : If your cancer has Lung Cancer Treatment Indianot spread beyond the lungs, your general health is reasonably good and your breathing capacity is sufficient, the treatment that gives the best chance of cure is surgery. The most common operation is called a lobectomy, removes the affected part of the lung. Sometimes, the whole lung needs to be removed and this is called a pneumonectomy.
In patients with reduced lung function, smaller parts of the lung are removed to try to preserve breathing capacity. While these operations preserve breathing capacity, there is more likely to be a recurrence. Your doctor will advise you of the best operation for you.
Chemotherapy : This is the treatment of cancer with anti-cancer drugs. The aim is to destroy cancer cells while doing the least possible damage to normal cells. The drugs work by stopping cancer cells from multiplying.Chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for patients with small cell carcinoma. As this type of cancer spreads quickly, chemotherapy works well in treating it.
Radiotherapy : Radiotherapy treats cancer Lung Cancer Hospitals in Indiaby using radiation to destroy or inhibit cancer cells. The radiation can be targeted onto cancer sites in your body. Treatment is carefully planned to do as little harm as possible to your normal body tissue.Treatment is painless and may take only two to three minutes. Usually, radiotherapy is given as a number of treatments over a period of weeks.
Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been developed to diagnose and treat lung cancer. These procedures are performed with the use of a video camera that is inserted through a small 3 inch incision of the chest. This enables the surgeon to clearly see the tissue being operated on without having to make a large incision in the chest and spreading the ribs . The minimally invasive technique can provide a more accurate surgery with less recovery time, less risk of infection, less bleeding and less discomfort than the traditional procedure.
Benefits of Minimally Invasive Procedures
Not only do these Lung Cancer Hospitals in Indiaprocedures usually provide equivalent outcomes to traditional “open” surgery (which sometimes require a large incision), but minimally invasive procedures (using small incisions) may offer significant benefits as well:
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