Lymphoma Cancer Treatment India Lymphoma is a cancer that originates in lymph nodes and appears as an enlargement of the node (a tumor). Lymphoid leukemias, which also originate in lymphocytes typically involve only circulating blood and the bone marrow ,where blood cells are generated in a process termed haematopoesis. Lymphomas are a part of a broad group of diseases called hematological neoplasms.
The lymphatic system is part of the body’s immune defence system. Its job is to help fight diseases and infection. Lymphatic vessels carry lymph, a colorless watery fluid that contains infection-fighting cells called lymphocytes. Along this network of vessels are groups of small, bean-shaped organs called lymph nodes. Clusters of lymphnodes are found in the underarms, groin, neck, chest, and abdomen.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the most commonly used lymphoma treatments, although bone marrow transplantation, biological therapies, or surgery are sometimes used in the treatment process.
Chemotherapy : Lymphoma Cancer Hospitals IndiaChemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Lymphoma chemotherapy usually consists of a combination of several drugs. Patients may receive chemotherapy alone or in combination with radiation therapy.
Radiation therapy : (also called radiotherapy) is the use of high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. Lymphoma treatment with radiation may be given alone or with chemotherapy. Radiation therapy is local treatment; it affects cancer cells only in the treated area. Radiation therapy for lymphoma comes from a machine that aims the high-energy rays at a specific area of the body. There is no radioactivity in the body when the treatment is over.
Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT) : may also be an option for treating lymphoma, especially for patients whose lymphoma has recurred (come back). BMT provides the patient with healthy stem cells (very immature cells that produce blood cells) to replace cells damaged or destroyed by treatment with very high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
Biological Therapy : (also called immunotherapy) is a form of lymphoma treatment that uses the body’s immune system, either directly or indirectly, to fight cancer or to lessen the side effects that can be caused by some cancer treatments.
There are Two Main Types of Lymphoma Cancer
• Hodgkin Lymphoma:Hodgkin lymphoma, also called Hodgkin’s disease, is one category of lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system. Lymphoma begins when cells in the lymph system change and grow uncontrollably, which may form a tumor. The lymph system is made up of thin tubes that branch out to all parts of the body. Its job is to fight infection and disease. The lymph system carries lymph, a colorless fluid containing lymphocytes (white blood cells). Lymphocytes fight germs in the body.
• Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a term that refers to many, very different types of cancer of the lymph system that do not come under the category of Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
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