Why India has become the ultimate destination for thousands of people across the world who are seeking highest quality knee surgery?
1. Total Knee Replacement or TKR
TKR is the answer to relieve painful knee joints. Increased wear and tear of the joint surfaces and cartilage due to increasing age or overuse causes extreme pain that may prevent a person from walking more than a few steps. TKR resolves pain and increases the mobility of the person.
Osteoarthritis, ligament, meniscal and cartilage tears are the most common causes of pain and disability in the knee. TKR or Total Knee Arthroplasty can help resolve all these problems and increase the quality of life of the patient. In this surgery the degenerated joint surfaces of the lower end of thigh bone, upper end of tibia and the patella are scraped off and new artificial joint surfaces are fitted in. The metal or plastic implant is fixed with the help of biological cement. These implants have a long life of 10-15 years. Physiotherapy rehabilitation after surgery is extremely important to teach the patient how to use the new knee joint.
2. Partial Knee Replacement
Partial Knee Replacement involves replacing only one part of the knee joint with the implant. Knee joint is anatomically divided into three compartments- medial (inner)tibio femoral joint, lateral (outer) tibio femoral joint and patella femoral joint. Most of the time the degenerative changes associated with the arthritis are restricted to only one of these compartments, which makes changing the whole knee joint totally unnecessary. In such cases only the unhealthy knee surfaces are cut and replaced by the metallic or plastic implant. The benefit of this procedure is shorter hospital stay and faster rehabilitation.
Replacing the whole joint in these patients is overkill and unnecessary. Many middle aged men and women develop osteoarthritis of the knee. Osteoarthritis of the knee affects the inner half or medial compartment to start with and then proceeds to affect the outer half or lateral compartment. In this operation only that part of the knee, which is unhealthy, is replaced. The normal surfaces are left alone. This operation has several advantages over total knee replacement surgery like small incision, longer life of implant and post operative hospitalization is reduced and return to normal is much faster than total knee replacement surgery.
3. Simultaneous Bilateral Knee Replacement- Both Knee Replacement Surgery
Simultaneous bilateral knee replacement is undertaken when both knees are badly affected by osteoarthritis and cannot be treated conservatively. Both the knee joints of the patient are replaced with implants in a single session of hospitalisation. This cuts down on re admission costs.
4. Revision Knee Replacement
Revision knee replacements are undertaken after 10-15 years as the life of an implant is considered around 15 years. In case the person has undergone total knee replacement early in his life he may require a repeat surgery to replace the old implant with a new one.
5. Arthroscopic Surgery of the Knee
This is a minimally invasive approach used to visualise the inside of the knee joint and also repair and reconstruct torn cartilage, damaged ligaments and meniscus. This surgery requires only 2-3 small holes or ports through which micro instruments are inserted to do the repair. An arthroscope is a fine tube with a light and camera at the end. The camera sends real time images of the inside of the joint during the surgery which can be seen on the monitor. This helps the surgeon to navigate the instruments during surgery. This surgery ensures smaller scars, lesser blood loss, lesser collateral damage and hence faster recovery.
Computer Assisted Knee Replacement Surgery
Computer assisted knee replacement surgery is the latest advancement in knee joint replacement surgery. It is a minimally invasive procedure in which a scope with a camera at one end is inserted into the joint. The camera sends the exact pictures of the condition of the joint. This helps the surgeon to decide whether to go for partial or total knee replacement. The image sent during the surgery helps the surgeon to remove the exact amount of bone and allows him to navigate through the surrounding structures with maximum care. Complications due to human error are completely avoided.
High Flex Rotating Knee Platform
High flex rotating knee platform are the latest development in the design of knee implants. They closely resemble the normal knee joint. They incorporate the subtle rotation and gliding movements that accompany knee bending and straightening in the normal joints. This gives better and freer movement allowing the patient to bend his knee more than 120 degrees that was available in the original implants. With high flex rotating knee platform the patient can go up to 150 degrees of knee bending allowing him to squat.
Gender Specific Knee Surgery
Gender specific implants are currently in demand as more women are going in for knee replacements. Female knee is smaller and narrower than a male knee; hence the implants should also be smaller. Earlier one fit implants were used for both male and female patients. Female patients complained that their new knee felt large and bulky. It also affected the normal biomechanics of the leg during standing and walking which gave rise to hip joint pain. to overcome these problems, gender specific implants have come into the market.
“I would just like to thank everyone at IndiaCarez for making my stay a very good one. From when I arrived at the airport to leaving 13 days later I never had a complaint. The surgeon was reassuring and looked after me well. From your top nurses all the way down to the guys who cleaned the room it was all done well and made me feel very comfortable.
The food was very good and I had no complaints there either. If anyone in the UK was thinking about having surgery in India and was worried or apprehensive about it don’t be , you will be looked after well. I must say a special thank you to the administration staff who helped me with all my needs on a daily basis.”
– David , UK , Total Knee Replacement Surgery
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